Governments should adopt the 'melting pot' approach, meaning integration of their population, regardless of race, language, or religion. There should be no more ghettos; people of various ethnicities should mingle and co-exist with each other. The government must take active steps to ensure this, through the media, school exchange programmes, and the like. This should be two-way, i.e. both the majority and minority races should strive to understand each other better, instead of the former reaching out to the latter, but the latter not doing anything at all.
In this way, both ethnic minorities and majorities will learn and understand each others' way of life. This is especially important, for without understanding, there can be no harmony, and there can be no understanding without knowledge. Each link in this chain is interdependent; the greater whole (and its resulting benefits) simply cannot exist without any one of these elements. As people simply will not go out of their way to interact with others from different minority groups without a real reason to, the government must step in and take action, before it is too late.
Naturally, this body is the United Nations; it is the only organisation with the clout to (hopefully) do such a thing. I thus propose a new branch of the United Nations, (tentatively)called United Nations Operation Outreach to execute Operation Outreach on a global basis. UNOO will consist of members from around the world, and report to the Secretary General. No member may have a veto power; all resolutions passed shall be decided by majority vote, pure and simple. No country may choose to blatently ignore the UNOO. At the very least, it should have the power to send diplomatic messages and signals. Harsher measures are not practical; they will not even be accepted by the UN, since this is, at heart, a bicultural exchange programme on a massive scale, and nothing more.
The UNOO, however, can refer transgressors to the UN General Council for follow-up action, though only as a last resort.Hopefully, the world will adopt my suggestions, or at least a variation of them that is acceptible, and begin Operation Outreach, or a variant of it that embodies its aims: to allow a free flow and exchange of culture and knowledge from East to West, and vice versa.
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