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Tuesday, May 24, 2005

History Arc Forging the finest print

Being a history major, I thought it would be a great idea to post daily about that subject. What a novel idea!

The Second Great Awakening transpired throughout our sprouting and
hurriedly evolving nation. In the comparatively disconnected South, it
manifested itself initially in large camp meetings and later in the
influential southern evangelical churches, but in the newly connected

  • North, the effects of the Second Great Awakening left a deeper
  • impression.
  • It was more than a simple renewal of interest in matters of faith. It
  • changed the way many Americans thought about spirituality, and thus
  • forged a large influence upon the way they conducted their daily lives.
  • Overall, it should be thought of as a duel crusade for universal
  • Christianity and against sin. The utopia founders fought a more
  • personal battle against sin, while many emerging organizations actively
  • fought for conversion and against sin in the entire nation.

  • As Protestant tradition would have it, the American Bible Society gave away bibles, and that makes perfect sense; to get the word out, you should get “the
  • word” out, right? Of course, that's precisely how Protestantism successfully
  • broke away from Catholicism, by passing out bibles translated into
  • the vernacular, and if the plan was to win over Catholics again, the same strategy would apply. Proliferating religious tracts in the lingua franca goes naturally with it.

  • To broaden appeal, the movement smoothed out the
  • unsavory Calvinist doctrine of predestination, eventually sweeping
  • it away in favor of the belief that individuals had control over their
  • actions, and that the decision to sin or not was up to each person.

  • Under the leadership of Charles G. Finney, the Second Great
  • Awakening moved even further from a stuffy theologically based
  • interpretation of religion and appealed more to the emotions of
  • the people. This emotional appeal to a sense of right and wrong
  • combined with the concept that each person had control of his or
  • her fate and led directly to the movement's massive effect on the
  • period's reform movements.
  • Reformers organized against a very physical evil spirit,
  • alcohol, or rather, human consumption of it. Distilled whiskey was
  • cheaper and more prevalent than ever before, and reformers
  • responded zealously to the new trend.

  • Just a few years after the formation of the American Temperance Society, use of hard liquor curbed to moderate levels. Moderation wasn't enough for the
  • extremists within the organization, and the American Temperance Society split.

  • Prime among the various social movements were the
  • abolition movement and feminism. These movements
  • declared that the 'inalienable rights' should be enforced
  • across the gamut of American society.

  • William Garrison linked the causes of Women and Slaves in
  • his splintered anti-slavery society, and influential women
  • worked tirelessly in both movements.

  • The Second Great Awakening re-energized the Christians of
  • America, and motivated them to hasten the second coming of
  • the messiah, but before the newly awakened could see Jesus,
  • they had to make sure everybody got a fair chance at
  • accepting the faith, and that meant everybody. So these
  • people, christened “reformers,” reached out to the lepers of
  • their time, untouchables to white society. These reformers
  • built institutions for the insane and the criminal.

  • They reformed the prostitute and the destitute, and they
  • counseled the alcoholic. They circulated pamphlets, and
  • organized missions. They did all these things, and they even
  • looked toward the slave.

  • This great outpouring of love spread into the personal lives
  • of men and women, and a form of courtly love rooted into the
  • relationships of middle class couples. A different kind of
  • division of labor was born, with men in the workforce, and
  • women stationed in the household. These stationed women
  • united with others to continue the crusades.

  • These women joined the American Colonization Society
  • (founded in 1817), dedicated, depending on one's point of
  • view, on cautiously moving freed blacks to the West African
  • land of Liberia, which the society founded in 1821. Into the
  • 183
  • Tomorrow, I mean this afternoon, I'll discuss the Greeks and share what the Latin word of the day is. I'm still waiting for notification from the university that I've passed American History. OU really needs to get its crap together!
    On a developer's note, I've set up a Greatest Journal account to replace the LJ one. You know my account name!
    One more gripe; my Typekey account isn't working yet. Must fix!

Published by Typewriter King | 7:07 PM
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